Furthermore, it is important to whatsapp phone number list remember that Ukraine renounced the possession of nuclear weapons in exchange for the guarantee of respecting its sovereign borders, agreed in the Budapest Memorandum whatsapp phone number list signed in December 1994 by Russia, the United States, Great Britain and Ukraine. It should also be noted that after 1991 relations between NATO and Russia have not been conflictive, but have been characterized by growing cooperation, culminated in 1997 with the approval of whatsapp phone number list the NATO-Russia Founding Act which, in turn, created the NATO-Russia Permanent Joint Council (PJC), a forum for consultation and cooperation between the two actors.
Finally, one last point in whatsapp phone number list chronological order, but of great importance for our analysis. During the Republican administration of Donald Trump, Atlanticism reached its lowest point since the founding whatsapp phone number list of NATO in 1949 and it was precisely in the Ukrainian scenario where the degradation of the importance that the Atlantic alliance had for Washington became more evident. As will be recalled, Trump made his hostility to NATO, systematically declared a useless and costly alliance, one of his whatsapp phone number list foreign policy banners. But, above all, It is even more relevant here to note that in 2019 Trump made the granting of aid to.
Ukraine conditional on kyiv whatsapp phone number list launching a public campaign against Joe Biden and his son Hunter. The axis of the strategy that sought to electorally discredit and weaken Biden before the 2020 elections was for kyiv to accuse Hunter Biden of entertaining illegal businesses in the country and Joe Biden of trying to whatsapp phone number list use his political connections to cover up the son. of the. Trump's maneuver clearly showed that the security of Ukraine was not at all a priority in Washington, but rather a variable whatsapp phone number list completely subordinated to questions of domestic politics.